Poland

Key documents: Act on Education System, Constitution of the Republic of Poland, and the Charter for Persons with Autism.

Characteristics: With no autism-specific policy in place, the education of children with autism in regulated through overarching (special) education policy. As a result, the guidance for adequately addressing the needs of children with autism is very limited and generic on a policy level. 

Overview

  • In Poland, there is no autism-specific legislation in place. Instead, the right to education of people with autism is ensured through general (special) education policy. 
  • More specifically, the Act on Education Systems established the right to education for everyone in Article 1(1), the provision of support to children who need it as well as teaching methods tailored to the child’s abilities in Article 1(4), the right to attend either mainstream or special education depending on the individual needs and preferences in Article 1(5), and free transport to school for children with disabilities (or reimbursement of parent) in Articles 14a and 17(3a) [1]. It also declared in Article 17(1) that mainstream schools should be organised in a way that enables children with disabilities to be an active part of it. 
  • The Constitution of the Republic of Poland reiterated the right to education of everyone in Article 70(1) [2]. 
  • The adoption of the Charter for Persons with Autism at the European Union level resulted in the ratification of the only non-binding policy on autism in Poland. 


References
[1] Republic of Poland. Constitution of the Republic of Poland. 1997. Available from: https://www.sejm.gov.pl/prawo/konst/angielski/kon1.htm
[2] Republic of Poland. Charter for Persons with Autism Poland. 2013. Available from: http://orka.sejm.gov.pl/opinie7.nsf/nazwa/380_u/$file/380_u.pdf